Imafukua T*, Tanaka M*, Tokunaga K, Miyamura S, Kato H, Tanaka S, Nakano T, Hirata K, Kadowaki D, Maeda H, Matsushita K, Otagiri M, Komaba H, Fukagawa M, Watanabe H#, Maruyama T# Effect of cinacalcet on the redox status of albumin in secondary hyperparathyroidism patients receiving hemodialysis. Biol Pharm Bull. in press *equal contribution; # equal corresponding author
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cinacalcet is a calcimimetic that permits impaired endothelial functions to be recovered via inhibiting parathyroid hormone (PTH) production in SHPT patients. However, the underlying mechanism for its action remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of cinacalcet on the redox state of human serum albumin (HSA), a reliable marker for assessing endothelial oxidative damage in SHPT patients who were receiving hemodialysis. Cinacalcet was administered to six SHPT patients for a period of 8 weeks. After 4 weeks of treatment, cinacalcet significantly decreased the oxidized albumin ratio which is a ratio of reduced and oxidized forms of HSA via increasing reduced form of HSA. Moreover, the radical scavenging abilities of HSA that was isolated from SHPT patients were increased by cinacalcet, suggesting the recovery of the impaired vascular anti-oxidant ability. Interestingly, the oxidized albumin ratio in SHPT patients was significantly higher than that in hemodialysis patients. In addition, the changes of intact PTH levels were significantly correlated with the oxidized albumin ratio. It therefore appears that PTH may induce oxidative stress in SHPT patients. In fact, an active analogue of PTH increased the production of reactive oxygen species in human endothelial cells. Thus, cinacalcet exhibits anti-oxidative activity through its pharmacological action. Additionally, cinacalcet itself showed radical scavenging activity. In conclusion, cinacalcet improves the redox status of HSA by inhibiting PTH production and partially by inhibiting its radical scavenging action.